Información

Ellen Wilson


Ellen Wilson (1860-1914) fue una primera dama estadounidense (1913-14) y la primera esposa de Woodrow Wilson, el 28 ° presidente de los Estados Unidos. Aunque es mucho menos conocida que la segunda esposa de su esposo, Edith Galt Wilson, Ellen es quizás mejor recordada por sus esfuerzos para mejorar las condiciones de vivienda de los afroamericanos en Washington, D.C.

Hija nacida en Georgia de madre maestra de escuela y padre ministro presbiteriano, Ellen Louise Axson mostró un intelecto impresionante a una edad temprana, aprendiendo trigonometría por sí misma mientras sobresalía en literatura inglesa y francesa. Aunque su familia no podía pagar los fondos de matrícula universitaria, Ellen continuó su educación a través de clases de posgrado en Rome Female College y largas temporadas en la biblioteca. Más tarde llegó a dominar el alemán para realizar investigaciones para uno de los libros de su marido y disfrutó leyendo las obras de luminarias como Platón, Homero, Milton y Keats.

Woodrow Wilson vio por primera vez a Ellen cuando él tenía 6 años y ella era una bebé. Se volvieron a encontrar en 1883, cuando él era un joven abogado que venía de Atlanta y asistía a un servicio celebrado por el padre de Ellen. Wilson pudo organizar una visita a la casa de Axson, y unos meses después programó astutamente unas vacaciones que lo llevaron a Asheville, Carolina del Norte, al mismo tiempo que su futura esposa. Aunque Ellen había profesado durante mucho tiempo su indiferencia hacia el matrimonio, aceptó su propuesta sorpresa al final del viaje. Se casaron en Savannah, Georgia, en junio de 1885.

Ellen puede haber sido la más talentosa de todos los que han residido en la Casa Blanca. A los 18 años estaba ganando dinero por sus retratos a lápiz y asistió a la prestigiosa Art Students League en Nueva York durante un año antes de dedicarse a los intereses familiares. Más tarde, Ellen pasó varios veranos en una colonia de artistas en Old Lyme, Connecticut, donde fue influenciada por un grupo que formó el núcleo de los impresionistas estadounidenses. Una exposición de su trabajo se exhibió en el Gremio de Artes y Oficios de Filadelfia justo antes de que ella ingresara a la Casa Blanca en 1913, y vendió cuatro de sus pinturas ese verano.

Durante sus 17 meses como primera dama, Ellen guió a políticos y líderes cívicos a través de los barrios marginales de Washington D.C. para llamar la atención sobre su `` proyecto de ley de limpieza de callejones '' y apoyó las causas para apoyar las artes, las escuelas y las condiciones laborales. Sin embargo, ella pudo haber sido más influyente en su tiempo privado con el presidente Wilson. Habiendo estudiado teoría política mientras ayudaba a su esposo a investigar sus libros anteriores, la primera dama bien interpretada era más que capaz de participar en discusiones sobre políticas. También mostró agudos instintos políticos, una vez que ayudó a fomentar un acuerdo sobre un proyecto de ley de tarifas después de sugerir que el presidente invitara a los legisladores clave a cenar.

No está claro cuándo Ellen se dio cuenta de que tenía la enfermedad de Bright, la enfermedad del riñón que la mató. La evidencia de problemas renales había surgido por primera vez después de las complicaciones del parto en 1889, pero la primera dama parecía estar bien hasta que sufrió una desagradable caída en marzo de 1914. Su salud se deterioró después de que supervisó la boda de su hija en mayo, e incluso después de que un médico se mudó a la En julio, en la Casa Blanca, la verdad de su condición fatal no fue revelada a Wilson hasta días antes de su muerte. Cuando Ellen sucumbió a la enfermedad el 6 de agosto, fue la tercera primera dama en morir en la Casa Blanca, después de Letitia Tyler en 1842 y Caroline Harrison en 1892.


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Ellen Wilson - HISTORIA

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson

"Soy naturalmente la menos ambiciosa de las mujeres y la vida en la Casa Blanca no tiene ningún atractivo para mí". La Sra. Wilson estaba escribiendo para agradecer al presidente Taft el consejo sobre la mansión que abandonaba. Dos años como primera dama de Nueva Jersey le habían brindado una valiosa experiencia en los deberes de una mujer cuyo tiempo pertenece al pueblo. Ella siempre jugó un papel público con dignidad y gracia, pero nunca aprendió a disfrutarlo.

Quienes la conocieron en la Casa Blanca la describieron como tranquila y dulce, una mujer maternal, bonita y refinada. Su suave voz sureña había mantenido su lento acento a través de muchos cambios de residencia.

Ellen Louise Axson creció en Rome, Georgia, donde su padre, el reverendo S.E. Axson, fue un ministro presbiteriano. Thomas Woodrow Wilson la vio por primera vez cuando tenía unos seis años y ella solo era un bebé. En 1883, cuando era un joven abogado de Atlanta, "Tommy" visitó Roma y conoció de nuevo a "Miss Ellie Lou", una hermosa niña ahora, que se ocupaba de la casa de un padre afligido. Pensó, "¡qué espléndidos ojos risueños!" A pesar de su atracción instantánea, no se casaron hasta 1885, porque ella no estaba dispuesta a dejar a su padre desconsolado.

Ese mismo año, Bryn Mawr College le ofreció a Wilson un puesto de profesor con un salario anual de $ 1,500. Él y su novia vivían cerca del campus, con su hermano pequeño con ellos. Insistiendo con humor en que sus propios hijos no deben nacer yanquis, fue a ver a unos parientes en Georgia para el nacimiento de Margaret en 1886 y Jessie en 1887. Pero Eleanor nació en Connecticut, mientras Wilson enseñaba en la Wesleyan University.

Su distinguida carrera en Princeton comenzó en 1890, trayendo a su esposa nuevas responsabilidades sociales. De tales exigencias se refugió, como siempre, en el arte. Había estudiado brevemente en Nueva York y la calidad de sus pinturas se compara favorablemente con el arte profesional de la época. Tenía un estudio con un tragaluz instalado en la Casa Blanca en 1913 y encontró tiempo para pintar a pesar de las bodas de dos hijas en seis meses y los deberes de anfitriona para la nación.

Los Wilson habían preferido comenzar la administración sin un baile inaugural, y los entretenimientos de la Primera Dama fueron simples, pero su cordialidad no afectada hizo que sus fiestas fueran un éxito. En su primer año, ella convenció a su escrupuloso esposo de que sería perfectamente apropiado invitar a legisladores influyentes a una cena privada, y cuando esa noche condujo a un acuerdo sobre un proyecto de ley de tarifas, él le dijo a un amigo: "¿Ves qué esposa tan sabia? ¡tengo!"

Descendiente de dueños de esclavos, Ellen Wilson prestó su prestigio a la causa de mejorar las viviendas en los barrios bajos negros de la capital. Visitando callejones ruinosos, los llamó la atención de debutantes y congresistas. Su muerte impulsó la aprobación de un proyecto de ley de rehabilitación para el que había trabajado. Su salud empeoró lentamente por la enfermedad de Bright, murió serenamente el 6 de agosto de 1914. El día antes de su muerte, le hizo prometer a su médico que le diría a Wilson "más tarde" que esperaba que se casara de nuevo, murmuró al final ". cuida bien a mi marido ". Luchando severamente por controlar su dolor, Wilson la llevó a Roma para que la enterraran entre sus parientes.


Ellen Wilson - HISTORIA

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson

"Soy naturalmente la menos ambiciosa de las mujeres y la vida en la Casa Blanca no tiene ningún atractivo para mí". La Sra. Wilson estaba escribiendo para agradecer al presidente Taft por el consejo sobre la mansión que abandonaba. Dos años como primera dama de Nueva Jersey le habían dado una valiosa experiencia en los deberes de una mujer cuyo tiempo pertenece al pueblo. Ella siempre jugó un papel público con dignidad y gracia, pero nunca aprendió a disfrutarlo.

Quienes la conocieron en la Casa Blanca la describieron como tranquila y dulce, una mujer maternal, bonita y refinada. Su suave voz sureña había mantenido su lento acento a través de muchos cambios de residencia.

Ese mismo año Bryn Mawr College le ofreció a Wilson un puesto de profesor con un salario anual de $ 1,500. Él y su novia vivían cerca del campus, con su hermano pequeño con ellos. Insistiendo con humor en que sus propios hijos no deben nacer yanquis, fue a ver a unos parientes en Georgia para el nacimiento de Margaret en 1886 y Jessie en 1887. Pero Eleanor nació en Connecticut, mientras Wilson enseñaba en la Wesleyan University.

Su distinguida carrera en Princeton comenzó en 1890, trayendo a su esposa nuevas responsabilidades sociales. De tales exigencias se refugió, como siempre, en el arte. Había estudiado brevemente en Nueva York y la calidad de sus pinturas se compara favorablemente con el arte profesional de la época. Tenía un estudio con un tragaluz instalado en la Casa Blanca en 1913 y encontró tiempo para pintar a pesar de las bodas de dos hijas en seis meses y los deberes de anfitriona de la nación.

Los Wilson habían preferido comenzar la administración sin un baile inaugural, y los entretenimientos de la Primera Dama fueron simples, pero su cordialidad no afectada hizo que sus fiestas fueran un éxito. En su primer año, ella convenció a su escrupuloso esposo de que sería perfectamente apropiado invitar a legisladores influyentes a una cena privada, y cuando esa noche condujo a un acuerdo sobre un proyecto de ley de tarifas, él le dijo a un amigo: "¿Ves qué esposa tan sabia? ¡tengo!"

Descendiente de dueños de esclavos, Ellen Wilson prestó su prestigio a la causa de la mejora de las viviendas en los barrios bajos negros de la capital. Visitando callejones ruinosos, los llamó la atención de debutantes y congresistas. Su muerte impulsó la aprobación de un proyecto de ley de rehabilitación para el que había trabajado. Su salud empeoró lentamente debido a la enfermedad de Bright, murió serenamente el 6 de agosto de 1914. El día antes de su muerte, le hizo prometer a su médico que le diría a Wilson "más tarde" que esperaba que se casara de nuevo, murmuró al final ". cuida bien a mi marido ". Luchando severamente por controlar su dolor, Wilson la llevó a Roma para que la enterraran entre sus parientes.


Mary Ellen Wilson: la niña cuyo historial de abuso reformó la ley estadounidense

& # 8220 Mi nombre es Mary Ellen Wilson. No sé cuántos años tengo. Mamá me azota y me pega casi todos los días. Nunca me ha besado el amor. Nunca se me permitió jugar con otros niños y nunca me atrevo a hablar con nadie porque si lo hiciera, me azotarían. Siempre que mamá sale, me encierra en el dormitorio. Yo & # 8217 nunca he estado fuera & # 8230 & # 8221

Sin duda, estas palabras deprimentes recuerdan innumerables relatos de niños en casos de abuso que han sido cubiertos con demasiada frecuencia en los medios de comunicación. Según el Grupo de Defensa de la Familia del Servicio Comunitario del Ejército, cinco niños mueren todos los días como resultado del abuso infantil, mientras que tres de cada cuatro son menores de 4 años.

Hace más de un siglo, no existían leyes que protegieran a los niños del abuso físico por parte de sus padres. Los castigos dolorosos eran para algunos padres una estrategia cotidiana de tratar a sus hijos que se portaban mal, sin preocuparse de ser castigados ellos mismos.

Sin embargo, el caso de Mary Ellen Wilson en 1874 sacudió los cimientos de los padres abusivos y llegó a establecer recursos legales para la intervención dentro del hogar de un niño. Los testimonios de Mary Ellen en la sombría sala del tribunal de la Corte Suprema del Estado de Nueva York alteraron por completo la comprensión pública del abuso de niños y, además, la importancia de la participación de la sociedad en la prevención y el fin de ese abuso.

Mary Ellen nació en 1864 en una familia en el vecindario Hell & # 8217s Kitchen en la ciudad de Nueva York. Cuando su padre murió, su madre trató de llegar a fin de mes, tomando un trabajo tras otro hasta el punto de darse cuenta de que ya no podía mantener a Mary.

La niña fue entregada a la custodia de una mujer llamada Mary Score. Esta fue solo una solución temporal, ya que la desesperada situación financiera de su madre significaba que no podía mantener los pagos de cuidado infantil a Mary Score. Cuando Mary Ellen tenía dos años, fue entregada al Departamento de Caridades de la ciudad de Nueva York. El departamento nombró a Thomas y Mary McCormack como los nuevos custodios de Mary Ellen.

Los McCormack obtuvieron posesión del niño del Departamento de Caridades, pero, como se demostró más tarde, lo hicieron con papeles falsificados. El departamento requería un informe anual de la condición del niño, sin embargo, los McCormack no fueron muy diligentes al respecto. Thomas murió poco después de que Mary Ellen entrara en el cuidado de la familia. Mary McCormack se volvió a casar y se mudó con Mary Ellen a un apartamento en West 41st Street, el lugar donde finalmente se reveló la horrible historia.

Los vecinos fueron los primeros en sospechar que había algo inusual en el tratamiento de la madre adoptiva. Una de ellas, la Sra. Connolly, se sintió muy preocupada y le pidió a una trabajadora religiosa local, Etta Angell Wheeler, que verificara a la familia. Al inventar una historia sobre el cuidado de una anciana enferma y confinada a su hogar en el vecindario, Etta y Connolly obtuvieron las llaves del portero y entraron en el apartamento donde vivía Mary Ellen.

Lo que vieron fue más allá de cualquier palabra para describir. Etta testificó más tarde en la sala del tribunal. & # 8220Ella era muy pequeña, del tamaño de una niña de 5 años aunque tenía entonces 9. Desde una sartén colocada sobre una estufa baja, lavó los platos, luchando con una sartén que era tan pesada como ella. Al otro lado de la mesa había un látigo brutal hecho de hebras de cuero retorcidas. Los escasos brazos y piernas del niño mostraban marcas de su uso. Pero la parte más triste de su historia estaba escrita en su rostro. La mirada de represión y miseria, el rostro de un niño no amado que solo ha visto el lado temible de la vida. & # 8221

Etta Angell Wheeler (1834-1921)

La Sra. Wheeler señaló que el niño sufrió graves abusos, desnutrición y, en última instancia, descuido. Según se informa, Mary se quedó sin zapatos en diciembre. Etta fue a la policía, pero se sorprendió al escuchar que debía presentar pruebas de agresión. Aparentemente, el relato de testigos presenciales de las cicatrices y moretones del niño y las duras condiciones de vida no fueron suficientes. En ese momento, había leyes que protegían a los niños contra el asalto y la agresión, pero no había leyes que obtuvieran la intervención en el hogar del niño.

Etta estaba decidida a resolver el problema, por lo que recurrió al abogado Henry Berg, quien también fue el fundador de la Sociedad Estadounidense para la Prevención de la Crueldad contra los Animales. Apoyado por los testimonios de los vecinos, Henry logró sacar a Mary Ellen de su hogar abusivo y llevó a su madre adoptiva a juicio en la Corte Suprema del Estado de Nueva York.

Henry Bergh, impulsó la formación de la Sociedad de Massachusetts para la Prevención de la Crueldad contra los Niños (MSPCC) en 1874,

Cuando Mary Ellen se acercó al banco, declaró: & # 8220Mi padre y mi madre están muertos. No sé cuántos años tengo, no tengo recuerdos de la época en que no vivía con los McCormacs. El látigo siempre dejaba una marca negra y azul en mi cuerpo. Ahora tengo las marcas negras y azules en mi cabeza que fueron hechas por mamá y también un corte en el lado izquierdo de mi frente que fue hecho con un par de tijeras. Me golpeó con las tijeras y me cortó. No recuerdo haber sido besado por nadie. Nunca me han tomado en el regazo de mi mamá y me han acariciado o acariciado. Nunca me he atrevido a hablar con nadie porque si lo hiciera me azotarían. No sé por qué me azotaron, mamá nunca me dijo nada cuando me azotó. No quiero volver a vivir con mamá porque me pega mucho. & # 8221

Un detalle de la fachada de 295 Park Avenue South en 23rd Street en el Flatiron District de Manhattan, Nueva York, construida en 1892 como sede de la Sociedad de Nueva York para la Prevención de la Crueldad contra los Niños. El edificio fue diseñado por Renwick, Aspinwall y Renwick. Autor más allá de mi Ken

La Sra. McCormac recibió una sentencia de un año y Mary Ellen fue colocada en un hogar de menores. La historia tuvo su final feliz cuando Etta Wheeler obtuvo su custodia. El caso de Mary Ellen atrajo gran atención pública, lo que resultó en una alteración revolucionaria en el sistema legal estadounidense. Ese mismo año, se fundó la Sociedad de Nueva York para la Prevención de la Crueldad contra los Niños.

En 1888, Mary Ellen se casó y poco después se convirtió en madre de dos hijos y, más tarde, de una niña huérfana adoptada. Llamó a su hija Etta en honor a Etta Wheeler, su salvadora y la primera persona que mostró su amor y afecto.


Ellen Wilson

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Ellen Wilson, de soltera Ellen Louise Axson, (nacida el 15 de mayo de 1860 en Savannah, Georgia, EE. UU.; murió el 6 de agosto de 1914 en Washington, D.C.), primera dama estadounidense (1913–14), primera esposa de Woodrow Wilson, 28º presidente de los Estados Unidos. Aunque mucho menos famosa que la segunda esposa de su marido, Edith Galt Wilson, Ellen jugó un papel importante en la carrera de Woodrow y cambió significativamente el papel tradicional de la primera dama. Quizás sea mejor recordada por sus esfuerzos para mejorar las condiciones de vivienda de los afroamericanos en Washington, D.C.

Ellen era la mayor de siete hijos de Samuel Axson, un ministro presbiteriano, y Margaret Hoyt Axson. Durante el nacimiento de su último hijo en 1881, cuando Ellen tenía 21 años, Margaret Axson murió. El posterior colapso mental del padre de Ellen y su muerte en 1884 la dejó como cabeza de familia.

Tan pronto como pudo colocar a sus hermanos menores con parientes en Georgia, Ellen tomó su pequeña herencia y se mudó a la ciudad de Nueva York para estudiar pintura en la Art Students League, un paso inusualmente valiente para una mujer joven en ese momento. Su movimiento es aún más sorprendente teniendo en cuenta que ya había conocido a Woodrow Wilson (en 1883) y él le había propuesto matrimonio. Ella podría haberse quedado en Georgia mientras él completaba su doctorado, pero eligió un curso más independiente.

Ellen y Woodrow se casaron el 24 de junio de 1885 en la casa de su abuelo paterno en Savannah, Georgia, y se mudaron a Bryn Mawr, Pensilvania, donde tomó un trabajo como profesor asociado de historia y economía política en Bryn Mawr College. Aunque gran parte de su tiempo lo dedicó al cuidado de sus tres hijas, nacidas entre 1886 y 1889, y sus hermanos, logró estudiar alemán para traducir para su marido y realizar un curso de economía doméstica. El mandato de Woodrow como presidenta de la Universidad de Princeton (1902–10) le permitió pulir sus habilidades de administración del hogar y azafatas, que luego le sirvieron en la Casa Blanca, y sus dos años como gobernadora de Nueva Jersey (1910–12) la ayudaron a desarrollarse. una persona pública. Continuó pintando retratos y paisajes y exhibió su obra, por la que recibió excelentes críticas en concursos con jurado, bajo el nombre de E.A. Wilson, después de que su marido se hiciera famoso.

Ellen sirvió solo 17 meses como primera dama y la mayor parte del tiempo estuvo enferma. Sin embargo, hizo que el tiempo contara. Aunque no tomó una posición pública sobre el sufragio femenino (a lo que su esposo todavía se oponía), se desempeñó como presidenta honoraria de la Fundación Cívica Nacional, abogó por mejores condiciones laborales para mujeres y niños y presionó vigorosamente para mejorar las condiciones de vivienda de los afroamericanos que viven en los callejones de Washington. Sus esfuerzos dieron como resultado un proyecto de ley federal que establecía estándares mínimos de vivienda en el Distrito de Columbia, que fue aprobado tanto por la Cámara como por el Senado en agosto de 1914, mientras agonizaba en la Casa Blanca de la enfermedad de Bright. Nunca antes la esposa de un presidente había estado tan estrechamente relacionada con la legislación.

Ellen Wilson fue enterrada en Rome, Georgia, cerca de las tumbas de sus padres. Como señaló su biógrafa Frances Saunders, mostró cómo era posible que la primera dama combinara el trabajo político en nombre de causas sociales con sus deberes domésticos más tradicionales.


Ellen Axson Wilson

Ellen Axson Wilson fue Primera Dama de los Estados Unidos (1913-1914) cuando su esposo, Woodrow Wilson, se convirtió en nuestro 28º presidente. Creció en Roma, donde su padre, el reverendo Samuel Edward Axson, era pastor de la Primera Iglesia Presbiteriana.

Ellen se educó en la Academia Femenina de Roma, donde estudió arte y ganó un premio internacional.

Ellen y Woodrow se conocieron en la iglesia de su padre y se casaron en Savannah en 1885. Ella lo ayudó en su carrera temprana como profesora y presidenta de la universidad, mientras criaba a sus tres hijas y perseguía su interés en el arte.

Más tarde, la Sra. Wilson estudió con los impresionistas estadounidenses plein-air en Old Lyme, Connecticut. Ella exhibió y vendió sus pinturas, donando sus ganancias a las Escuelas de Berry.

Se involucró activamente en el bienestar social cuando Woodrow Wilson fue gobernador de Nueva Jersey (1910-1912).

Después de que Woodrow Wilson fue elegida presidenta, presionó por la renovación urbana en Washington, DC, la primera Primera Dama en trabajar por una causa fuera de la Casa Blanca que no era la de su esposo.

Su activismo sirvió de ejemplo para la joven Eleanor Roosevelt, cuyo esposo, Franklin, estuvo en la administración de Wilson. La Sra. Wilson también diseñó el jardín de rosas original de la Casa Blanca.

Murió en la Casa Blanca el 6 de agosto de 1914, al estallar la Primera Guerra Mundial.

Está enterrada junto a sus padres en el cementerio de Myrtle Hill en Rome, Georgia.

Temas. Este marcador histórico se incluye en estas listas de temas: Artes, Letras, Música y caridad de toros y Trabajo público y Mujeres de toros. Una fecha histórica significativa para esta entrada es el 6 de agosto de 1914.

Localización. 34 & deg 15.297 & # 8242 N, 85 & deg 10.395 & # 8242 W. Marker se encuentra en Rome, Georgia, en el condado de Floyd. Se puede llegar a Marker desde Tribune Street. Marker se encuentra en Downtown Riverfront Trail, detrás del Forum River Center. Toque para ver el mapa. El marcador se encuentra en o cerca de esta dirección postal: 301 Tribune Street, Rome GA 30161, Estados Unidos de América. Toque para obtener instrucciones.

Otros marcadores cercanos. Al menos otros 8 marcadores se encuentran a poca distancia de este marcador. Opera Alley (a unos 300 pies de distancia, medido en línea directa) The Woman Who Saved Football en Georgia (a unos 500 pies de distancia) Floyd County (a unos 800 pies de distancia) The Old Town Clock (aproximadamente a milla de distancia) Old Town Clock Museum (aproximadamente milla de distancia) The Noble Brothers Foundry (aproximadamente milla de distancia) Memorial de la Primera Guerra Mundial del condado de Floyd (aproximadamente 0,3 millas de distancia) Carnegie Library (aproximadamente 0,3 millas de distancia). Toque para obtener una lista y un mapa de todos los marcadores de Roma.

Ver también . . . Ellen Wilson. Biografía en profundidad de la Biblioteca Nacional de Primeras Damas. (Presentado el 15 de abril de 2021 por Duane Marsteller de Murfreesboro, Tennessee).


Historia [editar | editar fuente]

Entrenamiento de astronautas [editar | editar fuente]

El 6 de enero de 1970, Ellen se unió a otras 19 mujeres para comenzar su entrenamiento de astronauta. Deke entró y se presentó, diciéndoles que este sería un entrenamiento vigoroso, durante el cual esperaba que se quedaran mucho menos de los 20 candidatos. Explicó que serían calificados a medida que avanzaran, lo que incluía el desempeño del piloto, lo académico, el carácter y la motivación. Publicaría resultados de vez en cuando si sus nombres no estaban en la lista, eran eliminados del programa.

En un momento, Tracy encontró a Ellen y se detuvo para ayudarla.

Mientras Tracy caminaba, encontró a Ellen que se había caído y se había lastimado el pie, sin embargo, mencionó que no podía usar el walkie-talkie. Tracy la ayudó y le dijo que probablemente se trataba de un esguince grave. Para ayudar con el sol, Tracy se cubrió con Ellen y llegó a conocerla un poco mejor en el proceso, descubriendo que la familia de Ellen era propietaria de Cavalier Airlines.

Después de un tiempo, Deke llamó a través de su walkie-talkie y les dijo a todos los candidatos restantes que comunicaran por radio su ubicación aproximada. Como no obtuvo respuesta, volvió a llamar por radio, pero Tracy le respondió y le dijo que no necesitaba gritar. Los paramédicos recibieron a Ellen, y a Tracy le dieron agua mientras Deke le recordaba que no era un ejercicio de equipo: Ellen debería haber llamado por radio y Tracy no debería haberse detenido para ayudarla, pero Tracy le dijo que no la iba a dejar atrás, y él tampoco lo hubiera hecho.

El día 200 del programa, Ed presentó a los cinco candidatos restantes al simulador LEM, que emularía la dinámica de vuelo de la nave espacial del módulo lunar. Les dijo que era una especie de helicóptero, con algunas distinciones. Les dijo que la actividad para ese día sería realizar maniobras básicas de despegue y aterrizaje con cada uno de ellos volando a una altitud de 300 pies, flotar 30 segundos, ejecutar un giro de 360 ​​en el sentido de las agujas del reloj, flotar otros 30 segundos y aterrizar en un objetivo. . Sin embargo, Patty Doyle perdió el control del simulador y se estrelló.

Seleccionado como astronauta [editar | editar fuente]

Después de la muerte de Patty Doyle, Molly Cobb se sienta en el bar en Outpost Tavern, donde se le unen Ellen, Tracy Stevens y Danielle Poole, quienes le dicen que se perdió el servicio. Intentan consolarla, mientras Pam les sirve bebidas a las mujeres, pero Molly no dice una palabra hasta que menciona que Patty debería haber sido expulsada y que el programa probablemente sería cancelado.

Deke presenta a todas las astronautas femeninas a la prensa.

El 27 de octubre de 1970, Thomas está confundido sobre quién convocó una conferencia de prensa. En la conferencia, Deke anuncia que Danielle, Ellen, Molly y Tracy fueron las primeras mujeres en completar todo el entrenamiento de astronautas requerido por la NASA. Él presenta a cada uno de ellos y les da la mano, mientras la prensa aplaude en celebración. Deke acude a Thomas, quien le dice que no había autorizado lo que había hecho. Deke se dio cuenta de esto y le recordó que él era quien decidía quién subía y cuándo. Thomas lo felicitó por estar en la lista de mierda de Nixon.

En Outpost, Ellen habló con Lar, quien le dijo que ella sería la copia de seguridad de Molly. Ellen le dijo que Molly era la mejor piloto de su clase, que prosperaba bajo presión. Sin embargo, el hombre le dijo que Ed es un hombre sensato, y Molly "ama una tormenta de mierda", lo que significaba que Ellen probablemente podría verse afectada. Terminó yendo a casa con Pam Horton.

Larry Wilson fue llamado temprano en la mañana, y Coop le dijo que necesitaban a Ellen a las 6 a.m. ya que el horario de entrenamiento para la tripulación principal acababa de cambiar. Sin embargo, Ellen no estaba con él, sino con Pam Horton, quien tomó el teléfono y luego le dijo a Ellen que se preparara.

Durante el viaje que Larry le dio a Ellen, Ellen intentó explicarle que había bebido demasiado, y tanto Pam como ella habían decidido que era mejor si no conducía. Lar, sin embargo, le dijo a Ellen que ambos se estaban volviendo descuidados y que ella no podía permitirse el lujo de mentir a los funcionarios o podría terminar su carrera. Le pidió que actuara de la forma en que todos esperaban que actuaran, y todo estaría bien. Cuando entraron en la NASA, ambos se tomaron de las manos.

En Outpost, las mujeres se reunieron, no tanto para ver el Apolo 23, sino para ver la Enmienda de Igualdad de Derechos en el Senado del Estado de Illinois, que era una de las principales prioridades de Ted Kennedy. Cuando el voto final fue a favor, Pam Horton y Ellen Wilson abrazó, y Larry Wilson abrazó a Ellen también.

En Outpost, Pam, Ellen y Larry hablaron sobre la Enmienda de Igualdad de Derechos, pero Larry mencionó que no había forma de que los estadounidenses vieran a sus hijas ir a la guerra, pero Pam mencionó que solían decir lo mismo sobre las mujeres y miraban a Ellen. Larry le dijo que la igualdad de derechos no significa lo mismo que los derechos de los homosexuales.

En Outpost, Larry les dijo a Pam y Ellen que lo interrogaron, y mencionó que generalmente el FBI descubre estos secretos porque los rusos pueden usar estos secretos para chantajearlo. Larry le dijo a Ellen que estuviera lista ya que lo que estaba cometiendo era un delito grave, pero lo necesitaban para seguir trabajando en la NASA.

Pam y Ellen estaban abrazándose en la cama, pero Ellen le dice a Pam que tal vez deberían tomarse un descanso ya que la investigación del FBI la ha terminado y ella tampoco sabe a dónde va su relación con Pam, ya que no estaba segura de que pudiera ir a ninguna parte o si ser lesbiana era una etapa para ella.

Investigado por el FBI [editar | editar fuente]

Ellen fue entrevistada por el agente del FBI para descubrir que Larry era gay.

Ellen es entrevistada por el oficial del FBI y mencionó que su claustrofobia era un miedo infantil, que superó. Dijo que le habían dicho que su información médica era confidencial y que le molestaba que él la estuviera hojeando. Mencionó que no quería molestarla y le recordó que podía echarla del programa. Sin embargo, ella le dijo que sabía que estaba allí solo porque él creía que su novio era gay, pero él le dijo que no estaban allí para hablar de su novio ya que no podía entenderla ya que su perfil la hacía mucho mejor que Larry. Wilson desde que era homosexual. La presionó para que le dijera la verdad de Larry, pero no pudo.

Ellen habló con Larry y Pam sobre esto, y Larry mencionó que sus teléfonos probablemente tenían micrófonos. Vieron las noticias en Outpost y siguieron bebiendo.

Weisner le dice a Ellen que el agente Donahue creía que Larry era homosexual, lo que podría representar una amenaza para la seguridad del programa; sin embargo, había una nueva creencia de que Ellen también era homosexual, lo que calificó de absurdo. Weisner le dijo que no creen que sea hora de un escándalo sexual. Ella le dice que no podía controlar a Donahue ni al departamento de justicia y Weisner le dijo que tanto ella como Larry podían dar un paso más en su relación.

Ellen sugirió casarse con Larry en Outpost, lo que a Pam no le gustó.

En Outpost, Ellen le dice a Larry que no pueden permitir que su secreto salga a la luz. Larry le dice que seguir adelante los pondría en una zona más segura, pero Pam le dice a Ellen que si continúa, las cosas definitivamente terminarían entre ambos.

Ellen llega a casa y abre la ventana, pero ve un automóvil afuera, que se va tan pronto como lo ve.

Más tarde, Ellen y Larry se casaron.

Apolo 24 [editar | editar fuente]

En la NASA, los astronautas, incluida Danielle, están viendo cómo se celebra a Gordo por haberlos devuelto a la Tierra, además de felicitar a Ellen, que ahora estaba casada con Larry por convertirse en el nuevo comandante del Apolo 24. Deke menciona que, de hecho, fue parte de Mercury y mencionó que podía volar, pero asignó a Ellen como líder porque sabía que ella era muy capaz. El entrevistador, sin embargo, menciona que el accidente de Danielle en Jamestown había planteado la cuestión de tener mujeres viviendo en la luna, pero Ellen defendió a su compañera. Harry defiende el evidente ataque del entrevistador a Ellen, diciendo que no le preocupaba servir a sus órdenes.

Más tarde, a Ellen, Harry y Deke se les dice en la NASA que cuando se acoplaran al LSAM, tendrían que realizar una prueba del sistema. Ellen pregunta cuál sería su cargamento, pero la mujer les dijo que todavía no lo sabían. Deke preguntó de qué se trataba el misterio, ya que probablemente solo serían 20,000 libras de comida y gasolina.

El Apolo 24 se lanzó para traer de vuelta a Ed, que había estado varado en la luna durante 159 días. Deke llamó a Houston y les dijo que estaban listos para la inyección translunar. Gordo confirmó que habían recibido el mensaje y le preguntó a Deke si le gustaba la vista. Y así Deke, Ellen y Harry avanzaron. Sin embargo, cuando intentaron encenderse, falló.

Apollo 24 y 25 comenzaron a trabajar juntos para arreglar 24. Instalaron la FCC que necesitaban y luego comenzaron una prueba, que dirigió Margo. Ellen menciona que la presión del tanque había aumentado. Margo se dio cuenta de lo que estaba pasando y les dijo que consiguieran que los astronautas restantes se alejaran del propulsor ya que aún estaba armado. Era demasiado tarde para que el propulsor se encendiera, lo que hizo que Deke se estrellara contra una boquilla de dirección, y Harry deslizó el propulsor hacia la columna de escape del motor, disolviéndose en el calor del escape. Molly desconectó la atadura que sostenía 25 a 24 y luego perdió su agarre y lo soltó. Molly mentioned that she had almost no oxygen left and they tried to find her since they could not see her. Tracy managed to see her, but Apollo 24 was still uncommunicative.

Mission control got the trajectory on 24, but did not know if they were dead or alive. Apollo 24 was not heading for the moon at all and could not communicate.

Ellen comes to after Deke calls her. He tells her that she needs to abort the burn and also tells her he does not have much left in his OPS and he has a puncture in his suit. However, her abort handle is non-responsive, and Houston can not be reached. She pulls on a chord only to find out Harry had been lost in space. She pulls on Deke's chord and is able to bring him into the ship. They close the hatch and are able to remove their helmets, but Deke had been stabbed by the smashed steering thruster, so Ellen tells him to apply pressure on the wound. She tries reaching Houston once again, but they remain uncommunicative.

Ellen placed stitches on Deke's wound while the latter told her that Harry died.

Ellen put stitches on Deke's wound, who complained that their communication problems were most likely due to their comm systems having been updated. Ellen told him to calm down and also reminded him that they were risking losing lunar orbit, also asking if he was up for another burn, which he nodded to. Deke told her that Harry had been dragged into the plume, which swallowed him whole. The CSM separated and they kept moving.

It seemed Ellen and Deke were now heading towards the moon and were moving very fast. Ellen switched to manual, but depleted the SPS and they did not make it by thirty feet. However, in mission control Margo stumbled upon everybody celebrating since they now knew they were alive. Aleida went to NASA and saw Margo, who was still working.

Deke was disgusted when Ellen told him her big secret.

Deke tells Ellen that their death would not be the worst way to go. He also tells her that he kind of wants to see how far they get, but lets out a cry of pain. Ellen looks at his wound and notices internal bleeding Deke tells her that he had always thought he had seen a bit of John Glenn in her since whenever she wanted to walk into a room, people saw her and listened to her. He tells her that his "in case of death letter" was bad since he was distracted and only had two minutes to write it. He tells Ellen that Marge deserved better and still could not believe Marge had said yes to him. He asks Ellen for her story ad she tells him that it was nice how Larry had proposed. He tells him that Larry had taken her to Memorial Park, but did not finish the story and said that she did not know what she was doing since she was heading towards nowhere and tells Deke that she had to hide parts of who she was and told him that she did not love Larry, but Pam. Deke realized Pam was the bartender and laughed until he realized she was serious and was disgusted.

Karen went to Outpost, where Pam was told that Ellen was alive by Larry. He did not tell her anything else. Karen asked her if she was Pam and told her that Ed went there a lot. She asked Pam to surprise her and she told her that Ed always spoke highly of the place, but it was a shithole. Karen told her that it was understood that wives do not go to Outpost, and Pam complained that men had a lot of rules, which Karen called bullshit. Pam told her that the country looked up to them and told her that she would not feel sorry for her, but apologized, saying that the last few days had been rough since she knew some all of astronauts. She told Karen that she had become "good friends" with Ellen, but was not being told anything by anyone. Karen told Pam that Ed was her husband, and told Pam that it was okay, also telling her that she should go to JSC with her.

Deke asked Ellen if she was aware of the security risks, since she was opening herself up to blackmail, manipulation. Ellen told him that that was not fair, but Deke told her that she was putting everybody at risk. Ellen said she believed that he would understand because he had pushed for the women when nobody else had, but Deke told her that that was because they were good pilots and being women was beside the point. Ellen told Deke that the world was changing and that he helped do it. Deke started letting out a cry of pain, and Ellen told him to breathe.

Ellen fed Deke, who was now laying down. They suddenly heard Ed radio to them and Ellen responded, saying they were there to rescue him. He greeted Ellen and asked how Deke was doing, but Ellen told him that space had made Deke more soft and cuddly than usual. Ed said he was sorry to hear that and told them how the plan would go.

Deke advised Ellen to not reveal her secret since the world had too many people who thought like him.

Deke regains his ability to talk and weakly told Ellen that she has great things ahead and that if they made it through, to not tell anybody else. He tells her to keep it to herself since there were too many people like him and it was all they would see.

Ed radios 24 and tells them that Houston was working on a fix, but Deke says that there would be no time for him to dock. Ellen suggests Ed throwing a tank. Weisner argues against it, but Margo tells him to shut up or fuck off. Ed removes the tank while Ellen exits 24 he throws the tank, but it went a little too high. Ellen removed her chord and jumped, successfully attaching it to the tank and barely able to hold on to it. Everybody at Houston celebrates, completely impressed by the stunt.

Ellen goes back to 24, asking Deke if he had seen her, but sees he is slumped and not moving. At Houston, everybody finds out Deke has passed and look at Marge. Weisner personally walks up to her and takes his glasses off, breaking the news to her. Karen hugs Marge, who starts crying.

When Ellen makes it to the moon, they stand in front of Shane's grave and drop Deke's pin on the ground, also burying him next to Shane's grave.

Ed tells Ellen that she should probably rest since during the next few days, they would start digging, but Ellen tells him that he would be returning on Osprey. Ed tells her that they can not expect to hold the mission then, since she would be alone and could not leave the base after everything that had happened. He mentioned another relief mission that would be there in a few days, but Ellen tells him that she would send him back home. Ellen tells him that she relieves him as commander of Jamestown and Ed nods.

Ellen is interviewed over what had happened with Deke. Ellen tells them that Deke had been a pioneer and a stubborn man, having helped everybody get to space. A reporter tells her that travelling to space now seemed like a dangerous endeavor, but Ellen says that everybody knows the risk and it was worth it because things could get better. In order to say goodbye, she said she loved Larry. After she hung up, she found an ant running on the floor of Jamestown.

1983 [ edit | editar fuente]

On May 21, 1983, at what is now known as Jamestown Colony, Ellen asks Larry for no more parties, but he tells her it was not his idea. She accepts and tells him that she does not want a birthday party, but would be fine with a welcome home party since she did not want to be reminded she was 40 now. She told him that she was handing the base off to the new commander, who was outside with the rest of the crew, so she had the base to herself for probably the last time, which she wanted to enjoy. After they said goodbye, Ellen moved through the base and looked around.

Meanwhile, astronauts walked outside with flashlights. Wubbo tells Molly his team that he was positioning the rover so that they could see the sunrise. They all turned off their flashlights and were soon iluminated by the sun. Molly told Wubbo to stop staring at his screen and look at the sun, which he did. The astronauts started singing, joined by Ellen at the base.

When a serious solar flare was headed their way, Ellen told all the astronauts to head back to the base, so they headed to the rover. However, Molly Wubbo were too far out to make it back to the base, so Molly told Ellen that they would find shelter in place. Molly told Wubbo that there was a lava tube next to base camp where they would meet inside. Wubbo agreed and they started moving.

Ellen instructed everybody to lock everything down and headed to an underground bunker, where they would stay for at least three hours. Meanwhile, Molly reached the lava tube, but did not hear back from Wubbo when she talked to him. She looked through a powerful camera lens and found that Wubbo's rover had flipped and the astronaut was not moving.

As the storm reached the moon, Molly went inside the lava tube and was told by Ellen to stay inside at all times. She looked out as the sand on the moon's surface started moving and took off her dosimeter watch. After that, she headed outside in order to reach Wubbo and ran across the storm. When she reached Wubbo, she found he was injured and unconscious, and carried him back to the lava tube, which was not an task for her. She looked at Wubbo's dosimeter and found it was red when she held hers, she was still green.

Molly tells Ellen that she took shelter in the lava tube, trying to reach Wubbo, but when the two finally reached Jamestown, she was not feeling very well herself. Ellen tells her that she made the right call and a doctor says that it is uncertain how bad Wubbo would be, but would likely develop cancer in the next few years. Ellen tells Molly that she would be returning to Houston with her, but Molly complains since her dosimeter was green. Ellen tells her that her decision was final.

Margo talks to Ellen through a video communicating device and asks her how the power situation was holding up. Ellen says that they were recuperating and told Ed that life support systems should be doing fine, but the Mars program would have to be put on hold, also mentioning that the fuel rods were damaged. Margo takes note that they would need to send more plutonium and says that she would alert Guam to implement nuclear transportation guidelines, only to be told by Bradford that they would need to ask the Pentagon first. Thomas walks in with news that the president wanted to ease tensions with the Soviets, mentioning that putting missles on Pathfinder was on hold for now and that they needed an American astronaut and a Soviet cosmonaut to come together for a handshake in space. Margo laughed, but Thomas told Ed to prep the crew. Margo said that it would never be done, but Thomas told her to relax and to figure something out.

Ellen looks around Jamestown and remembers how long she had been up there in total, preparing to leave and assigned Al as commander of Jamestown. She got into the LSAM with Molly and more people who were ready to go back to Earth.

Molly and Ellen make it to Earth, where the former is not feeling so good. They are received by many people, and Ellen thanks the crew. Wayne greets Molly and hugs her he gets her out of there and tells her nobody would notice.

At Ellen and Larry's house, they both watched the news, joined by another man, who told Larry he needed to go, and kissed him. Ellen tells Larry that he had "trained" the man well. She asks him if it is a serious relationship, but he says he does not know. Ellen says that she is not ready for any romance at the moment since she was busy, and asks Larry if he had been promoted, but he says he had not since Boeing only gave people promotions in December. They say goodbye to one another and leave.

Ellen was welcomed to the administrative side of NASA by Thomas, Margo, and Bradford.

Ellen makes it to NASA, where she greets Margo, Thomas, and Bradford. Margo tells her their first meeting would be concerning budgets and they begin talking. Margo says they need more money for Jamestown and they would need to get it from the Mars program. Ellen says that the Mars program was very delayed and said that there had to be another way, but Thomas says that they need to pick their battles. Margo looks through index cards and finds Aleida Rosales listed, and asks for a minute.

Ellen asked Thomas about funding Mars instead of the moon.

Ellen visits Thomas and tells him that the moon had sucked up a lot of funding, but Mars could give them an upper hand. He tells her that she has a problem - she did not fool anyone and he told her that she needed to be a better poker player, revealing that he had written a speech in which a senator attacked their lunar costs. She asked why, and he said that the senator needed to demonstrate independence, which had in turn granted NASA the ability to self-fund and would give them enough money to explore Mars as long as the democrats did not win. She tells him that it must have been difficult for him to have lost his job once Kennedy had gotten elected. He says it was part of the job, which he had lobbied his way into during the war after being impressed by the stars. Ellen mentions she was surprised that he actually loved space and was not just some politician, but he says that it was fine if people saw him that way since they were the ones who made everything happen. He tells her that she would help him greatly since she was very genuine, but tells her not to lose track of who she really was.

Larry is having dinner with another man when Ellen gets home. Larry asks her how her day was, but they told her they would head out. Larry asks her to join them, but she declines. He hands her her mail and leaves. As Ellen opens it up, she stumbles upon a package sent by Pam, which was her book. On the front page Pam asks if Ellen knew which poem was about her, and Ellen starts reading the book.

Ed told everyone that he wanted Danielle to command the Apollo mission, and everybody agreed.

Ellen, Bradford, Margo, and Thomas congratulated him on his nine years of service as head of the astronaut office. When Ed asked if he had to make a wish, Margo told him that it had already been granted since he would be commanding Pathfinder. Ed blows out the candle and the meeting begins. Thomas tells them that the Soviets had agreed to mount a mission with them on the moon, which nobody likes. Bradford says that the only reason they accepted was so that they could get a closer look on American technology, but Ellen says that they have old technology which they could use. Everybody likes the idea of that, and Thomas asks Ed to choose a crew. He says the commander would be Danielle, but Thomas says that they might want to consider different possibilities since they only wanted the best. Ed asks what that was supposed to mean, since what had happened to Danielle's arm was not her fault Ellen agrees with Ed and Margo does as well. Everybody likes the idea and Bradford mentions that this would be a powerful message, and after Thomas says that he would let everybody know, he asks him to tell him if anybody gave him any trouble so he could call the Secretary of Defense so he would support it.

A ceremony is held, and Soviet cosmonauts are received by NASA. Margo tells Thomas that she believes if she can pretend to be happy, the Russians could pretend as well. They greet the cosmonauts, and Ellen greets one in Russian, but tells him she is not fluent, which makes Molly laugh. Danielle greets the cosmonauts happily, and they move forward.

Later, Ellen asked how they were supposed to get anywhere if nobody wanted to share information, and Bradford simply responded that they would not get anywhere. Margo complained, and Bradford told her that he was confident that she would make things not move forward.

Ellen walks with Pam, who tells her that she does not know what will happen between them, and she could not toss her life aside for her again. Ellen told her that she was not asking her to, but wanted both of them to figure out what their relationship meant. Pam told her that it was an affair, but Ellen told her that it did not have to be just that, but Pam tells her that it was hard to trust her, and Ellen suggests that she did not have to be at NASA since she wanted her, saying that she was willing to do anything in order to keep her, but Pam tells her that since she was a public figure she did not want Elise to find out because somebody saw them holding hands in the park.

The next day, Margo, and Aleida presented the docking system to Thomas, Ellen, Bradford and the Apollo-Soyuz team. Sergei talked to the Soviets and they agreed that it would work for them. Margo told Sergei that they would need to coordinate their approach while in space, and Sergei gave her the frequencies, with Margo returning the favor. Thomas told Ellen that the cat was out of the bag now, and Ellen agreed.

Ellen sat with Larry and he mentions that he knew she was with someone because she was glowing. Ellen tells him that she had found Pam again through her book, which surprised him. He told her that he was happy for her, but realized that she would be coming out. Larry was surprised, saying that he did not know that they had a specific time planned for coming out. Ellen mentions that they should start living their lives and getting a divorce, which freaks him out, since he believed they were sharing a life together, and he loved her. She told him that she felt alone since she had lost Pam the first time. Larry understood, and mentioned that he would do anything for Ellen. She leaves and tells him they would talk when she returned.

In New York Ellen and Thomas have a drink before negotiating a space alliance with Korea. He told her that the Koreans were party animals, which she says exhausts her, but he tells her she will do great. She tells him that she had been meaning to tell him, but is interrupted by a phone call. When she takes the call, she thanks the caller and tells Thomas that her father had a heart attack. Thomas remembered he was in Connecticut, so he told her to use the limo and he would take a taxi to the airport.

Ellen visited her dad in the hospital when he had a heart attack.

Ellen's father tells her he is sorry she missed her flight for nothing, but she tells him that he had a heart attack and needs to take care of himself. He reminds her that he is running a half-a-billion-dollar company, which she understood. He tells her that if she wanted him to slow down then she would need to help him, which would not happen soon, but she tells him that she is thinking of leaving NASA since she wanted to get to Mars and believed that private spaceflight would be the only way to do it. He wonders what Larry has to say, and she tells him that he only wants her to be happy, which gladdened him, since she would always have a solid man by her side, but he would like grandkids.

Ellen is interrupted and told that the White House wanted to speak to her. She went to the phone and received news that the flight Thomas was on had been shot by the Soviets, leaving no survivors. However, the Soviets had not confirmed this nor apologized.

NASA officials wondered why Tom's plane had been flying over Sakhalin.

At a meeting, Margo asks what the airliner was doing flying over Sakhalin and Molly says it could have been a navigational error, but Margo thought 400 miles was too much and wondered why a commercial airliner would be shot down. Bradford mentioned they had spy planes flying over Sakhalin all the time, so the Soviets were paranoid. However, he mentioned that it was more likely that they suspected that the plane was being used to spy, but said that it would be ridiculous. Molly was annoyed that she had not been able to reach Poole or Morrison, but Bradford told her that the FBI had shut down access to all Soviet officials in the US including the Apollo-Soyuz engineers. Ellen agreed and told everybody that she had spoken to the White House and until they found a replacement, she would be acting administrator. She mentions that their priority was contacting the astronauts, maybe contacting Sergei first.

Bradford asks if they will really ask for help after being attacked by the Soviets, and Margo tells him that Sergei will listen to reason. Ellen tells Bradford that they should consider all their available options before making the whole situation worse. Ellen tells Margo that she would contact him. When Margo leaves, she whispers something in Ellen's ear and leaves.

Margo tells a Senator over the phone that she was doing everything she could to contact the astronauts while Larry helps her with coffee. Pam walks in and asks if it was a bad time, but Ellen walks up and kisses her. Larry greets Pam as well and tells her that the phone had not stopped ringing all day. Ellen asks for money for NASA's security and is told that she would get it.

When Ellen was finally able to take a break, she talked to Pam grieving Tom's death.

After a while, Ellen was still on the phone while Pam got bored. Ellen hangs up the phone and apologizes, but Pam tells her it was fine and mentions she was good at her job. Pam gives Ellen a massage and they kiss Ellen tells Pam she is fine, but was exhausted and overwhelmed since she would have been on that plane if her father had not had a heart attack. Pam tells her not to think about it, but Ellen did not like hearing that Thomas was meant to die and says that he was a good man, but mostly misunderstood. Pam tells Ellen that she is alive and with her, which she was grateful for and the two hug. The phone rings once again and Ellen is told that the president would be speaking to her.

Larry helps Ellen with her coffee and they both mention they could not sleep. He asks her how she is doing, and she mentions she does not know since she was overwhelmed. He tells her that she would have to say goodbye to Mars for at least a decade since the military was taking control, but she did not like that, though she does not know what to do about it. He tells her that she is the acting administrator of NASA and needed to prove she had things under control so she could have everybody's trust.

Margo, Molly and Bradford are called to a meeting along with other people who did not know what the meeting was about. Ellen walks in and greets everybody, telling them that the president had decided to arm Pathfinder. Bradford agrees with it since they were being left with no choice, but Margo mentions it is a defensive measure until it suddenly is not. Ellen ignores her and proceeds to say that they were moving up the retaking of lunar claim site 357 Bravo, which would happen within 48 hours. Molly says that the plan was to use lunar night in order to maintain the element of surprise and reminds Ellen that the astronauts had not finished training, but Ellen tells them that the president was comfortable with moving forward after her recommendations. Margo and Molly were left in shock.

The claim has been taken back by American astronauts and Ellen, Margo and Bradford inform the president about their success. Margo asks about Apollo-Soyuz and Ellen says that since they have the moral high ground, they should keep it and the president agrees, also noting her great work, nominating her to the Senate and naming her permanent NASA administrator and asks her to think about it. Bradford and Margo congratulate her and think it is ridiculous that she was thinking it over, adding that they could go to Mars now. Bradford tells Margo that the Soviets had delayed the Buran shuttle probably due to repairs and tells Margo that they had probably figured it out by themselves.

Ellen told Pam that what she wanted was to be with her.

Pam asks Ellen if she is okay, so Ellen tells her about being offered to be NASA's administrator. Pam congratulates her, but she says she would not take it and was waiting for the right time to tell her. However, Pam tells her that she could be part of Raegan's cabinet and asks her if that was not everything she ever wanted since she could go to Mars. However, Ellen tells her that she is what she wants and they kiss.

Paramedics try helping the injured cosmonauts while Rossi, the commander, spoke to Houston on the line. The astronauts tell the commander that they had perceived a hostile intent, but the cosmonauts had only been reaching for their translation cards. Ellen asks them if they were sure that there were no weapons on sight before she took the incident to the president.

Ellen tells Bradford and Margo that the situation was not good, and Margo points out that wars have started over a lot less.

Ellen, Margo, and Bradford watch the news, where the Soviet Union mentions they would not be intimidated and knew that the United States had plans to bring nuclear weapons to the moon and said that they would get in the way and destroy them before they got there. Bradford tells them that there had just been a launch from Sakhalin island - the Buran shuttle, which the CIA says was armed. Ellen mentions that was a problem since it could orbit space, shoot them down and they would never even see it coming. Margo takes her glasses off angrily once everyone leaves.

They track the shuttle at DODCOM, but after three hours, they find that they had done was dock it with their space station, which made Margo think that they were overreacting. Bradford would like to believe that, but mentions that they had been stockpiling fuel on that station. Suddenly, Buran launched and Bradford mentioned it could shoot Sea Dragon down before it entered lunar orbit, which worries Ellen since the moon was being blockaded.

Ellen told Bradford and Margo that since the cosmonaut had asked the United States for asylum, they would grant it to him.

Ellen tells Margo and Bradford that since the cosmonaut had requested asylum, they would grant it, which is what the president had said. Ellen tells them that the plan was to get him to the United States on the next shuttle the next month. Margo stops Ellen and asks her if she had asked the president about Apollo-Soyuz. Ellen says that they had not, but would recommend that they cancel it if she was asked her opinion. Margo asks if they could wait to see if the Russians launched Soyuz and Ellen agrees to see how things played out.

Ellen was heartbroken when Pam told her that she would leave her.

Pam leaves Ellen a letter in which she tells her that she still loves Elise, hoping she understood and leaves. Larry walks up to Ellen and she tells him about the letter. Larry comforts Ellen, who does not understand and cries.

Ellen makes it to mission control, where she is told by Margo that the Soviets were asking for more time before docking with no reason given. Margo is optimistic, but Molly tells them it has to do with the lunar blockade. Margo asks about Buran, but Ellen tells her is classified which Margo finds ridiculous since they would not be able to make informed decisions.

Ellen tells Margo and Molly that they could not keep this up, but Margo does not want to give up since they were on the brink of war. She asks Ellen for one more orbit, and she gives Margo 90 minutes. Molly tells Bill that they had one more orbit before they called it quits, which Aleida protests since people had worked very hard. Molly asks Bill who Aleida is and mentions she likes her when she sees her attitude.

Margo finds Ellen and Bradford and tells them that Jamestown was not responding. Margo says that there was a backup, but Bradford tells her that it might not be that simple and reveals that there was a second reactor in order to make weapons on the moon which meant there was no failsafe. She tells them to forget that it was nonsensical to have nuclear weapons on the moon, but to keep it from the people in charge was wrong. She storms out of the room after that.

Ellen tells Ed about Jamestown and he remembers he put everybody on that base. Sally asks why they would attack Jamestown, but they do not know. Ed tells them that they saw a weakness in them and Bradford tells them that they were their last hope. They start losing signal as they reach the far side of the moon.

In NASA's mission control, the siren starts sounding, so Ellen tells them they're in DEFCON 2 since the Soviet fleet off the coast of Panama is threatening the southern United States with ten nuclear bombs threatening Houston alone. Margo tells everyone where the bomb shelters are at, telling them that whoever wanted to go should go, but only one person leaves. Margo tells Bill that they would need to bring Apollo home.

Apollo and Soyuz were finally able to dock together after a long time.

Bill and Aleida tell Apollo how to get back down, but Danielle refuses and tells him they would proceed with the docking maneuver. Danielle tells him that she would not be going back down. When Margo tells her what her orders were, Danielle told her she was choosing to ignore her orders and told them to begin docking procedures lest they crash. Molly says that she does not care what Danielle had said since she had been given an order, which Makes Margo comment that maybe it was due to it being okay that she had not followed orders many times before. Before Molly could react, Ellen tells them that it was okay for them to proceed since at least one good thing should happen on that shitty day. Aleida does not believe it, but Bill lets her talk to the astronauts, which Margo encourages. Apollo begins approaching Soyuz and they ultimately dock.

Ellen is called by the president, who told her Apollo-Soyuz was beautiful and inspirational, which Ellen felt they needed. Raegan asks for the status of Pathfinder and Buran, who were still out of communication range.

Buran had missile lock on Sea dragon 17, so Ed sits down again, telling her he would do what he had to and shoots Sea Dragon down. They look at the cosmonauts and turn back from the moon. Houston contacts them and Ellen asks if they had engaged with Buran, but Ed says they had not, which Ellen is relieved to hear.

Later, at Tracy and Gordo's graves, Ed cries and leaves a deck of cards on top of Gordo's. Molly, Ellen, Danielle, Jimmy, Danny, Karen and Kelly cry as well. Karen leaves Tracy flowers.


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Ellen Wilson: Historian and author of ground-breaking works on the abolition of the British slave trade

The historian Ellen Wilson wrote a series of important books that laid the foundations for much of the scholarly discussion that took place in 2007 on the bicentenary of the British abolition of the slave trade. Based in York in later life, she had earlier worked as a journalist in the American mid-west during the Second World War.

Of Cornish and Irish stock, she was born Ellen Gibson in Wisconsin in 1919, and graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1941 in history andjournalism. Beginning on a small local newspaper, she moved to the Milwaukee Journal's state desk in 1943(the first woman to do so), and specialised in welfare reporting. In 1950 she was awarded a Reid fellowship to enable her to study the new welfare state, and the emerging new towns in Britain. This interest led to her appointment as a public-relations officer for the new John Kennedy administration in Washington in the early 1960s. It was there that she met Henry S. Wilson, the English historian of Africa. Following their marriage, she moved with him first to Aberystwyth and then to York.

In Britain she turned her research and writing skills in a new direction, making a new name for herself as the author of a series of important books. Initially her work was published in the New Shell Guides, to Britain and then to England. But her major and perhaps most durable impact came from three historical studies. The first was The Loyal Blacks (1976), on the remarkable story of freed slaves who sided with the British during and after the American War of Independence. This pioneering study enabled later historians (notably Simon Schama in his 2005 Rough Crossings) to give the subject wider currency.

Her study of John Clarkson's expedition to take some of those freed slaves "back to Africa" (John Clarkson and the African Adventure, 1980) was another innovative book, rooted in exhaustive research and written in Wilson's compelling narrative style. It too opened up an area of interest explored by more recent scholars. The qualities of her biography of the abolitionist Thomas Clarkson (1989) were not fully and publicly appreciated until 2007, when the bicentenary of abolition in 1807 generated remarkable widespread attention to the British abolition of the slave trade. Scholars' serious engagement with the nature and narrative of British abolition revealed how much had been learned from Wilson's earlier work.

In all those books, she proved herself an exemplary scholar, and a writer who could satisfy specialist and general reader alike. But she was also a writer who could turn her hand to a range of topics, from West African cookery to the local history of her own part of Yorkshire. Friends and colleagues will remember her fondly for the grace and warmth of her friendly social entertainment, the elegance of her various Yorkshire homes – and for that breath of fresh American air she brought to the crustier corners of local life. Her last days were brightened by the thrill and the promise brought by the election of Barack Obama, bringing back memories of her earlier career in Washington under JFK.

Ellen Gibson, historian: born Eau Claire, Wisconsin 13 November 1919 married 1964 Henry S. Wilson died York 4 December 2008.


American Humane Association (2006). The story of Mary Ellen: The beginnings of a worldwide child-saving crusade. Available: http://www.americanhumane.org/site/PageServer?pagename=wh_mission_maryellen_wh eeler

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Ver el vídeo: ELLEN WILLSON CANTA SÓ PRA CONTRARIAR (Enero 2022).